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Gum Disease

When you have infected tissues surrounding your teeth, the common result is gum disease. If left untreated in adults, gum disease can lead to tooth loss, and some studies even link severe gum disease (also called periodontal disease) with heart disease, diabetes and stroke.

Gum disease is usually painless and can often go undiscovered. Because of this reason and the fact that gum disease is a potentially serious condition, it’s important to get regular dental checkups and examinations from Western Dental.

Gingivitis and Periodontitis

There are two forms of gum disease – gingivitis and periodontitis. The mildest form of gum disease is gingivitis and its symptoms include tender gums that bleed easily, especially after brushing and flossing. If left untreated, gingivitis can lead to a more severe form of gum disease called periodontitis, which affects the bone that surrounds your teeth and gums. Periodontitis is quite serious and can lead to tooth loss or even infection of the jawbones.

Are there gum disease warning signs?

While gum disease is painless and can often go undetected, there are some noticeable symptoms including:

  • Gums that are tender, red or swollen
  • Gums that bleed easily and regularly
  • Gums that have receded from your teeth
  • Visible white spots or plaque on your gums
  • Mouth sores
  • Loosening or separating teeth
  • Noticeable change in the way your teeth fit together
  • Persistent bad breath or bad taste

 
The Four Stages of Periodontal (Gum Disease) Treatment

Stage 1 Healthy Sm

STAGE 1
Healthy Gums & Teeth

    • Pocket Depth of 1mm - 3 mm 
    • Healthy appearance
    • Pink gum tissue
    • Gum tissue hugs teeth
    • No bleeding
    • Maintain health with regular dental visits


STAGE 2Stage 2 Gingivitis Sm
Gingivitis

    • Pocket depth of 3mm to 5 mm
    • Bacteria and plaque build up
    • Infected gum tissue
    • Inflammation
    • Gum tissue bleeds
    • Bad breath
    • Warning sign of future gum disease, treat infection


STAGE 3
Gum DiseaseStage 3 Gum Disease Sm

    • Pocket depth of 5mm - 7mm
    • Receding gum tissue
    • Bacteria multiply
    • Damage to supporting teeth
    • Bleeding, swollen gums
    • Bad breath
    • Act now to treat damage


STAGE 4
Advanced Gum Disease

Stage 4 Advanced Gum Disease Sm

    • Pocket depth of more than 8 mm
    • Loose teeth
    • Bone loss
    • Exposed roots
    • Bacteria continues to multiply around teeth
    • Bad breath
    • Very important to act now, eventual tooth loss



How is gum disease treated?

Western Dental can diagnose mild to severe gum disease and treat it with a variety of methods including deep cleaning, local antibiotics and gum surgery.

Your dental health is very important to us. To determine if you need gum disease treatment, please contact Western Dental to make a dentist appointment.